Study on the first phase of the 100-Day Employment Generation Programme

Technical Report

In September 2008, the Government of Bangladesh embarked on the first phase of a 100-day Employment Generation Programme (EGP) for the poorest and jobless poor. This endeavour came in response to the soaring food price. NFPCSP was requested by the Government to assist in the appraisal of the programme through an evaluation of its first phase and the preparation for the assessment of the impact of the entire programme.

In a context where access to food by many low income, poor and extreme poor people was challenged because of the price hike of essential commodities, the strategy of the Government has been to scale-up existing food-based safety net programs both in terms of coverage and benefits, and to introduce additional targeted schemes including the 100-Day EGP. This programme’s intended focus and design finds a strong rationale in the unemployment, food insecurity and poverty context of Bangladesh. The EGP represents a significant effort towards expanding coverage of employment generation-focused safety nets. With an estimated outreach to two million households or about 10 million beneficiaries and with the objective of generating 200 million person days of employment per year, the EGP is the largest Government safety net programme focused on employment generation. It distinguishes itself from others not only by its scale, but also by its intended focus on the extreme poor and the unemployed poor. It is in line with the main policy frameworks dealing with poverty and food security such as the National Food Policy (2006) and the National Strategy for Accelerated Poverty Reduction (2008).

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Date and language
Feb 2009
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FPMU Documentation Center
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