Poverty trends and agricultural growth linkages

Working Paper
[FMRSP Working Paper 26]

The paper reviews recent trends in poverty and explores the channels through which agricultural growth benefits reach the poor. The objective is to identify emerging challenges and suggest future directions of agricultural growth for promoting an enabling environment for poverty alleviating growth in the country.

Despite date limitations and absence of adequate information to discern long term trends, assessment of the poverty situation since the 1980s highlights several features: (i) the overall poverty incidence in the country has been declining at a slow rate of less than 2 percent a year; (ii) a faster decline of rural poverty is noticed in the late 1990s; and (iii) the absolute number of the poor has started to decline since the mid-1990s. The rural-urban decomposition of past poverty changes indicates that reduction of rural poverty is critical for Bangladesh. The incidence of poverty also reveals wide variation across different regions. The results indicate that there are seven regions (old districts) where the levels of incidence of both rural and urban poverty exceed their national averages. These are: Barisal, Bogra, Faridpur, Jamalpur, Mymensingh, Pabna and Rangpur. The poverty characteristics indicate significant differences in both income and non-income dimensions including physical and human resource endowments, demographic features and occupational groups.


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Date and language
Jan 2000
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