Analysis of Data for Measuring Food Availability, Access and Nutritional Status (Topic 2)

Training Material
[Determinants of Poverty, Food Security & Nutrition]

Incidence of poverty, food and nutrition insecurity depends upon not only the level of income/agricultural production/nutrition availability but also their respective distribution parameters as measured generally by variance or inequality measures like Gini ratio. Hence, both economic growth and inequality matter. If so, what are the policy options for reducing deprivation in its different dimensions? Country experiences differ in terms of profiles and determinants of poverty, food and nutrition insecurity. Some major findings are as follows:
(i) Asian Enigma: Paradox of high child malnutrition in Asia (India and Bangladesh in particular) vis-à-vis Sub-Saharan Africa though the two regions are comparable in terms of levels of determinants. How does one explain this puzzle?
(ii) Inverse relationship between agricultural growth and poverty. What is the international evidence and how reliable are the findings?
(iii) Poverty reduction along with increase in under-nutrition: How does one explain the syndrome? Does it mean irrelevance of calorie norm for anchoring the food insecurity & poverty lines?
(iv) Policy options to tackle food and nutrition deprivation differ between rural and urban sectors.  Economic access as defined by income and prices largely matter in the urban sector while physical access as defined by production matter in the rural sector in general.

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Date and language
Jan 2012
Personal Author
Agris Subject Categories: 
Food Security
Agris Subject Categories: 
Human nutrition - General aspects
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