Recovering From The Shock of The 1998 Flood: Household Food Security and Nutrition

Working Paper
Subtitle: 
[FMRSP Working Paper 23]

The 1998 flood caused major disruptions in the Bangladesh economy and adversely affected household food security in two major ways. First, it hampered the ability of households to acquire food because of a loss of income (lack of jobs and/or loss of output). Second, food production loss and disruptions in transports and markets reduced access of households to food through increased prices of grain and other essentials. To maintain the same level of consumption, people had to sell their assets and borrow money. The poor were hit especially hard by the flood because they had less cash reserves and less access to credit and assets to enable them to offset sharp declines in income. 

In this report, we examine the immediate and medium-term consequences of the flood on household food security using data from an in-depth household survey of 757 households in seven flood-affected thanas.  The survey covers three time periods: immediately after the flood (November, 1998), approximately five months after the flood (April, 1999), and a year after the flood (November, 1999). Using the survey results, we show how the level of consumption and welfare changed over time, and how various types of households coped with the direct and indirect effects of the flood.

 
 
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Date and language
Jan 2001
English
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