Movement and storage system analysis for the public foodgrain distribution system in Bangladesh

Technical Report
[EWIS report no. 43]

Storage plays an important role at various stages of food management and operations, and is an integral part of any food security system. Interventions in the food sector and food security reserve programmes require substantial capacity for storing and distributing food. The maintenance of a continuous flow of food from one point to another point needs sufficient storage capacity at each point in the food chain. Some grains require additional drying before they can be stored. They must be milled after being taken out of storage and before they can be consumed. Modern large scale commercial processing is required as the scale of procurement, storage and marketing of grains increase.

The public food operation of Bangladesh is based on a set of policies and an organisational structure designed to carry out these policies. The system is administered through the Ministry of Food, with Secretary as its administrative head. The Ministers of Food, Agriculture, Finance, Planning and the Head of State make major policy decisions at the highest level. Initiations for changes in policies come from any of these ministries, even though the Food Ministry conducts the formal processing. The Secretary initiates the formulation of policies and maintains overall supervision of the system. The Director General of Food (DGF) as head of the Food Department manages the system; the primary organization consists of a number of branches entrusted with the task of distribution, procurement, storage and movement, finance and accounts and inspection and control.

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Oct 2002
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