Land use pattern, nutritional status and food security of indigenous people in hill areas of Bangladesh

Research Grant Reports
[Final Report CF # 11/08]
The study revealed that indigenous households generally used upland, plain land, and homestead area for crop production. Upland was mainly used for producing seasonal indigenous crops, vegetables, fruits and different forest trees.T.Aman and Boro rice were grown mainly on plain land or valley land. Homestead areas were also used for producing different types of vegetables, fruits and timber trees. The other sources of household incomes were non-farm activities, livestock rearing, and other sales like bamboo, wood, timber, sweeping materials. Farm supplied foods were limited for households consumption. The households were largely dependent on purchased food. Households had to depend largely on indigenous vegetables and wild animals. They had limited options and alternatives for income generation. The household members ate rice, fish, meat, vegetables, potato, fruits, and spices more than the national average. They consumed egg, milk and sugar or molasses far below the national average. Based on calorie intake, about half of the households were food secure. Food insecurity among the sample indigenous households was more due to poverty and not due to low crop production. Farm size, off-farm income, household crop production, and fertilizer use had a positive and significant impact in attaining food security of the indigenous households.
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Date and language
Aug 2010
Personal Author
Agris Subject Categories: 
Labour and employment
Agris Subject Categories: 
Food Security
Physical Location: 
FPMU Documentation Center
Classification Number: 
O-2010-08 [2 copies]
Other information
<p>[This study was carried out with the support of the NFPCSP]</p>

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