A Comparative Study on Institutional Frameworks for Food Security and Nutrition at National Level

Technical Report

The objective of this study is to analyse and compare experiences from existing FSN institutional frameworks from different countries to identify lessons learned and guiding principles. This will help to: (i) promote reflection on ways to improve institutional frameworks for FSN; (ii) improve mechanisms for ensuring coherence and coordination among all stakeholders and initiatives designed to achieve FSN; and (iii) strengthen the commitment to food security by decision-makers and various stakeholders. This study also contributes to the design of key methodological issues for establishing or strengthening adequate FSN institutional frameworks to feed future supports in this area. The analysis is based on four country studies (i.e. Bangladesh, Brazil, Ethiopia and Mozambique), which were selected based on the relevance of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) support programmes and the importance accorded to FSN at the national level. They focus on three main dimensions of their FSN institutional frameworks: • policy and programming frameworks; • organizational and coordination frameworks; and • legal and regulatory frameworks. Other relevant national experiences, such as Guatemala, Mali, Mexico, Nicaragua and Peru, are also considered in order to illustrate key aspects that may have contributed to, or restricted the development and effectiveness of, FSN institutional frameworks. In this analysis, each case has its own specificities where historical, political, economic and institutional contexts frame the ways in which the FSN concept is understood and how FSN institutional frameworks are constructed and balanced. However, the analysis provides evidence on some common aspects that have definitively contributed to successful FSN outcomes, mainly: (i) extraordinary political support for FSN objectives framed in a broader development strategy and accompanied by resources; (ii) involvement of civil society and donors in the implementation and coordination processes; (iii) decentralization of FSN institutions and programmes; (iv) flagship resourced programmes addressing food insecurity and/or malnutrition; and (v) a continuous process of monitoring and accountability of results, considering the role of donors and civil society surveillance mechanisms and organization.

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Date and language
Dec 2012
English
Location
Physical Location: 
FPMU Documentation Center

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