Community partnership for sustainable water management - experiences of the BWDB systems rehabilitation project [Vol VI]

[Local initiatives for sustainable water resources management]

The study on local initiatives aimed to find out how people on their own manage surface water, and what they do to enhance the benefits or reduce the negative impacts of public water management infrastructure. The study is based on intensive fieldwork in four SRP sub-projects representing different types of water management systems. This includes Beel Singri in Chapai-Nawabganj district, Chaptir Haor in Sunamganj district, Polder 64/1 B in Chittagongdistrict, and Polder 55/1 in Pathuakali district.
Over 700 local initiatives directly linked to the management of surface water resources were identified in the course of this study. While some of these initiatives only required a few people and no financial costs, other involved thousands of people for several days and large sums of money. Typical watermanagement initiatives are the construction, operation and maintenance of canal irrigation systems and contour bunds, the construction of crossdams to retain surface water, the installation of drainage pipes, and the cut and repair of embankments. A detailed description of these indigenous water management practices is given in Chapter 4. In a social context characterised by a highly unequal distribution of power and material resources, the question of how different strata of the society are involved, benefitted or negatively affected by local water management practices is of crucial importance. These issues are addressed in Chapter 5. It is shown that local water management initiatives are often linked to agriculture and that they involve and benefit people from all socio-economic strata. A gender analysis of local initiatives shows that women are not directly involved in the construction, operation and maintenance of indigenous water management infrastructure. However, women are aware about these practices and do not perceive themselves as a distinct category of stakeholders. With the exception of some conflicts of interest between those who would like to use surface water for domestic purposes and those who use it for irrigation, it was found the location of a household's assets and their occupation, rather than gender and socio-economic status, determine their water management interests.

Date and language
Jun 1998
984 05 1432 6
Personal Author
Agris Subject Categories: 
Water resources and management
Physical Location: 
FPMU Documentation Center
Classification Number: 
Other information
Printed resource

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