Assessment of national and global foodgrain production, study of international foodgrain market, determination of national import requirement and size of national foodgrain stock

Technical Report
[EWFIS Report No. 14]

Bangladesh achieved remarkable success in augmenting production of foodgrain over the recent pas years. Expansion of irrigation facilities, increased adoption of high yielding varieties of seeds, improved supply and distribution of seeds and fertilizers coupled with favourable climatic conditions were instrumental in achieving the success. Production of cereals, and tubers and vegetables grew at an annual rate of 3.4 percent and 2.8 percent respectively over the period from 1973 to 1999. However, pulses and oilseeds exhibited negative growth rates of -1.2 percent and -0.3 percent respectively during the period. Gross domestic production of foodgrains increased from 16.08 million tons in 1985-86 to 24.91 million tons in 1999-2000. Per capita availability foodgrains also increased during the period from 15 oz/day in 1985-86 to 19 oz/day in 1999-2000.
Although Bangladesh attained the status of self-sufficiency in foodgrain production as an import substitution proposition, yet in country has to import food both for meeting the overall deficit under years of unfavourable weather conditions and for filling the nutrition gap through public food distribution programmes. Thus food self-sufficiency has not been and is not likely to be the only effective means of attaining food security for the nation.

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Apr 2001
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