Achievements of BRAC water, sanitation and hygiene programme towards millennium development goals and beyond

Technical Report
[BRAC research monograph series 60]

It is evident that the risk of death can be lessened by ensuring access to safe water, sanitation and improved hygiene practices. With this propitious wisdom, BRAC WASH programme envisage improvement in health by ensuring access to safe water, sanitation and by providing hygiene education to all including men, women, adolescent girls and boys, and children. But it is given that poverty and physical facilities for life living and the environment act as impediments towards improving this situation. Thus, to overcome such constraint and to improve health status of the rural poor, BRAC WASH programme has been launced in 150 upazilas (sub-districts) in three phases effective middle of 2006. The BRAC Research and Evaluation Division conducted baseline, midline and end line surveys in 50 upazilas of the first phase. The study evaluated the impact of the programme on various issues related to water, sanitation and hygiene at household and educational institutions. , midline (2009) and end line (2011) statuses. Fifty upazila of the first phase of BRAC WASH I programme were selected for baseline, midline and end-line surveys. These upazi/as were known as low performing areas in terms of water, sanitation and hygiene coverage compared to the national average. Thirty thousand households from 50 upazilas were selected in two steps: i) 30 villages were selected from each upazila by cluster sampling, and ii) 20 households were chosen systematically from each village. The end line survey covered 26,404 households. Moreover, to know the status of using tubewell water use and water safety practices, the surveys were conducted in 11 arsenic-prone upazilas from the first phase of programme in southern Bangladesh. Data were collected frorn 6,600 households, 600 from each upazi/as in each survey. Besides, during baseline survey 2,395 educational institutes were surveyed using a pre-tested questionnaire. However, for operational convenience during midline and end line surveys, the number of institutes was reduced to 1,487 and 1,189, respectively. The respondents were the adult fernale rnembers of the households who had knowledge of day-to-day household activities related to water, sanitation and hygiene. Female respondents were chosen because they are usually responsible for collecting and storing water and maintenance of latrines at households. Data were collected from them through direct interview using pre-tested questionnaire. The matched households in all the three surveys were included in the analysis. Chi-square and t-tests compared the differences between indicator values.

Date and language
May 2013

Corporate Author

Journal / series
Agris Subject Categories: 
Water resources and management
Water, Sanitation
Physical Location: 
FPMU Documentation Center
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Printed resource

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